The capers are divided into which is the family contains 25 genera and about 650 species. It is a valuable plant species which is used as both medical supplies and in the kitchen almost all varieties since the ancient history of the mankind. Other parts of Capparis plants are used in the manufacture of medicines and cosmetics. Capparis Ovata Desf. And Capparis Spinosa species grow up in our country. The Caper Plant lives nearly 40 year. The caper plant can be stay for a long time underground and it can be extend up to 12 meters; because of the woody root, it saves the nature. It grows naturally in some part of Turkey. It can be grow everywhere where there is in full sun and it is warm enough even 200 meters above the sea level. It grows easily if there is enough sunlight between the May and August. It is not important for cold whether because it grows under the soil in winter. After the October, ground surface starts to dry, from April it becomes green again. The Black Sea is not suitable for the caper, as it is not fond of high humidity and the rainfall. The caper prefers loam and calcareous soil which they should be rich in terms of potassium, phosphorus and calcium, especially loves barren and southward area. If there is too much salt in the soil, the yield will decrease.
The caper bud is a unique and a sourish bush fruit which is harvested and produced in Mediterranean basin. Harvesting of Caper, will be supported by the government both it helps to gain new income for rural people and it fights against the erosion. The caper bud is a flower-bud of the plant. The caper bud and the caper seed are the most preferred size for the consumption. It is like a little olive size and the color of the caper is cream. However; there is also white, pink, purple and brown. After being collected, it is allowed to dry in the sun. Then using the salt and vinegar, it is pickled in the jar. A little olive oil may be added in order to increase the flavor of capers.
It is a canned version of caper flowers. The pickled form of the caper changes from person to person without stems. The caper can be used as a pickle or appetizer especially in Mediterranean Cuisine. It is bigger than the caper bud and it is tangier. It is commonly used in hors d’oeuvres.
The caper buds, which they are very rich in vitamins, minerals and contain mustard oil, have quite nutritious food. Caper may have beneficial health effects such as rejuvenating and sexual power increaser.
According to the Plinius; it is said that persons who eat this plant daily, are never attacked by paralysis or pains in the spleen. The root of it, pounded, removes white eruptions of the skin, if rubbed with it in the sun. The caper is also taken in drink for lumbago and paralysis; and the seed of it boiled, and beaten up in vinegar, or the root chewed, has a soothing effect in tooth-ache. A decoction of it in oil is employed, also, as an injection for ear-ache. The leaves and the root, fresh out of the ground, mixed with honey, will remove impostumes of the parotid glands, and worms.
The benefits of caper can be described as the following;
- Sexual power increaser
- Scurvy disease
- Constipation remover
- Anthelmintic (used to destroy parasitic worms)
- Pain killer
- Deficiency of blood
- Hypersplenism (Spleen Extension)
- Sciatic Diseases
- Period regulator
- Tooth ache
- Liver functions Regulator
- Multipl Skleroz (MS)
- Stomach ulcer
Warning! It is not used as a remedy for the diseases. It is just be thought as a nutritional supplement. It is definitely not a medicine.